tv BBC World News America PBS May 4, 2015 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good kovler foundation, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we've believed in nurturing banking relationships for centuries, because strong financial partnerships are best
cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> and now "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." i'm katty kay. two men are killed in texas after a contest asked to draw the prophet mohamed. we have rare access to a mission recording changes. >> there's evidence that -- not nearby -- year by year but decade by decade. katty: and meet her royal highness princess charlotte of
cambridge. the newest member of the british royal family has a name and the public seems to approve. katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. we are getting more information about the gunmen that featured caricaters of the prophet mohammad. elton simpson had been charged in 2010 for lying about plans to travel to somalia to wage jihad. he and another man were killed outside the community center. the bbc's got more for us. >> get back in the building. reporter: it happened so quickly, gunmen shooting at the building, police firing back killing the attackers. inside officers relayed what
was happening. >> that's what we're worried about right now. >> it sounded like a machine gun maybe, kind of quick shots. police started running everywhere and so they quickly told us to run as fast as we could to get back in the building. reporter: police had prepared for an attack like this given the nature of the gathering. those attending who were moved to the secure room were at an event were prized were offered for the cartoon of the prophet mohammad. one posed with some of the security team as it helped prevent more casualties. >> they were obviously there to shoot people. we continued to monitor social media and other -- gather other intel to make sure that we're not getting any more -- any threats. so we don't know their intent other than we know they were
willing to pull up and start shooting on police. reporter: one gunman is reported to be elton simpson whose home in arizona were raided by police. he was arrested for terrorism-related offenses. there were outrages on the attack. >> this is an assault on the freedom of speech. very much like the charlie hebdo jihad slaughter. reporter: there's also criticism about the gathering itself. >> free speech is not a free ticket. there are limitations on what you can say to a certain extent. so we have to be responsible in that regard but it's a fine line because we don't want to do something that would forever remove our rights as americans to have that freedom of expression in safe spaces. reporter: for hours the bodies of both attackers were left where they fell. police worried they had explosives on them. local muslim groups called for the community to ignore the event and not give it publicity and said the attack here has
just catapulted into the headlines. the issue surrounding islam and free speech, even here in america. bbc news, garland, texas. katty: i spoke to the senior fellow at the foundation for the defense of democracies. i have to say, when i first heard about this shooting there was almost a sense of inevidentibility about it, was there? daveed: in america we have not had something like this occur based on the exercise of free speech rights. there was one event which is a cartoonist, seattle based, originally camped with an idea of everybody draw mohammed day. when the danish cartoon controversy happened, people by and large in the united states were not afraid of something like that happening here. they thought of it as an european thing, an africa thing, south asia thing, but something we didn't have to worry about in america. katty: we have america to paris
to denmark. i guess because there was extra security later on and because in the short term about these tweets that one of the gunmen has reportedly been sending out just before the attacks. daveed: not just leaving a trail but giving a heads up that he was about to carry out the attack. his very last tweet just before he went and carried out the attack and died was stating he was declaring his allegiance to emir that is to abir and hash tagged it texas attack showing he was going to do it. based on several jihadist accounts, there was one other person perhaps more, who had foreknowledge the attack was going to occur. katty: daveed, this elton simpson who is on the f.b.i. radar already how difficult is it for authorities to keep track of people who they've had
suspicions about? daveed: it's difficult but in this case the question should be asked as to whether this was another intelligence failure. in this case there were several things that went on. number one, he had been arrested back in 2010 in a that back-related investigation. -- shabaab-related investigation. he was out in the open. number three, he may have communicated with others about this attack specifically and certainly communicated his anger and flagged it. number four, he started talking about the virgin is one will experience in paradise, according to certain hadith, prior to him carrying out the attack. and fifth, as i said, he actually had a tweet saying he was going to carry out the attack. katty: and the f.b.i. or authorities would have been within their rights because that's the other side of this equation that's raised right? how far does the constitution allow people to be followed? daveed: this was very easy because this was open on their twitter feed. the f.b.i. can look at a
twitter feed just like they look at a newspaper. they had to get a warrant to look at direct messages he was sending or other electronic messages. a good case can be made, an overwhelming case could be made that they could have probable cause to seek more surveillance based upon his own actions that were out on the open based on twitter. coy coip thanks so much for come -- katty: thanks so much for coming in. just as the nap please government said more people died from last month'sth quake they finally got to the remote town. a huge mudslide smothered the town burying almost everything. 3,000 villagers is expectsed to have died there. there is a report. there is warning, it is disturbing. reporter: this is reckoned to be one of the most beautiful valleys in the him leas, but
it's now a scene of almost indescribable horror. i went on a reconnaissance trip to the worst-hit village in nepal. we land at the next village up the valley. at least one british tourist is missing. a 23-year-old man. maybe many more. there's lots of damage here, but it is nothing to what is to come. the village was one of the most popular treking destinations in nepal and home to 435 people. but there is virtually nothing left. the earthquake caused a massive avalanche and a landslide. it's hard to believe but 55 hotels and guest houses and the village's homes are gone under this great tongue of ice and rock. just one house remains. >> we lost everything. my mom and my brothers,
everybody lost their family. and no one has nothing. now we have nothing. >> this is the old village. >> so all the ice is -- >> yes covers the guest house. reporter: there are 52 bodies here. they've separated them into different groups. here are the nepalese people who have died, the people from the village. there's a group of people who were working in the village and then here are the foreigners. there are four bodies here now. while we were there they recover another body a young female tourist. the rescue team say it could be
weeks before they find them all. justin bbc news. katty: the awful scenes that met rescuers there, a quick look at other news from around the world. the israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu expressed his shock in person to an soldier who was beaten by police in tel aviv sunday night. at least 50 people were injured in the demonstrations as police used tear gas and stun grenades to disperse the protectors. at least two people have been killed between clashes between the police and protesters in a capital. police fired live ammunitions while they threw stones and grenades. the protesters were agered to stand for a third term in office. the former chief executive of hewlett-packard has announced she's running to be the republican candidate for the u.s. presidency. the 60-year-old said she was
the best person for the job because she understands how the economy works. she's the only woman so far to enter the contest on the republican side. the arctic is entering a new era. that's the warning from scientists who say that as temperatures rise, the ice covering the ocean is becoming thinner. the researchers are collecting evidence as part of an expedition run by norway. since the start of the year they have been drifting in the ice pack to investigate how it's been changing. we have been given rare access to the project. reporter: science at its most extreme. out on frozen arctic ocean, researchers braving punishing cold to investigate what's happening at the roof of the world. here they're measuring the ice below them. it's become thinner in recent years, and although it doesn't feel it today, this region is warming faster than anywhere
else on the planet. >> the arctic is changing and we have consistently underestimated the pace of change over the recent years and there are reasons to think this will continue and the most important thing with the changing arctic is it also affects weather and climate elsewhere. reporter: the expedition was launched in the eerie dark of the polar winter in january. a research vessel stangse stationed in the ice pack acting as a weather ship. scientists working around it by flood light. went like this is why so little research has been done here at this time of the year. watch what happens to a weather blown -- weather balloon. the extraordinary sounds of the ice shifting. speed up the video and you can see how it's in constant motion. our time lapse camera captures
how the ice is ripped apart right by the ship in less than two hours. it's a threat faced by everyone trying to work here. it's minus 21, so i'm wearing everything i've got. but despite these really low temperatures the ice is mobile. great blocks together and pride apart with the winds and the current. this kind of thing has always happened up here, but scientists say they're definitely seeing more of it. there's evidence that the ice is becoming thinner, not year by year but decade by decade. and the thinner it becomes the more easily it breaks up. we're entering what researchers call a new era in the arctic. sheltering from the winds a team of divers. they've cut through the ice and are venturing below it. someone keeps hold of a
lifeline, essential in these hazardous conditions. in the strange world down below, the brightest feature is the hole leading back up to the surface but there is life down here. this is a comb jelly, pulsating in the dark. the ice becoming thinner means some creatures are losing their habitat like these tiny animals, the foundation of the food chain. >> what has been seen around the arctic is these animals that live underneath the ice the biodiversity of those have gone down across the arctic and also their abundance and biomass have also gone down. reporter: all this research has to take place under armed guard because beyond the ship there's a very real danger of polar bears. one of these majestic animals approached the ship while we were onboard and wondered close to a survey line.
hey, i i have reached ice. some research is done by satellite. often it's done by shuttle. this tracking device will keep watch on the ice as it drifts. >> it tells me where it is, how thick of the ice in that position and how deep is the snow there. reporter: and you have a network of these things? >> yes. reporter: only 500 miles from the north pole the sun never set during our time onboard. no one can be sure how rapidly the ice will retreat, but researchers are finding signs of a region being transformed. david truckman bbc news, in the arctic. katty: amazing images there of the ice cracking as he was watching. you're watching "bbc world news america." still to come on this program, how did these men shape u.s. history? a book sheds new light on the first african-americans to work in america's space program. australia's police force have defended its coorps with
indonesia over tackling drug smuggling following the two execution last week. they denied they had blood on their hands in the case of two ring leaders of a trafficking gang whom they would lead to indonesia knowing they would face the death penalty if caught. the bali nine from sidney, the bbc has more. reporter: the australian federal police denied it has blood on its hands. it conceded they knew its actions a decade ago could expose members of the bali nine to the death penalty but said it won't apologize for trying to stop the flow of illicit drugs into the country. critics have insisted the gang could have been arrested before leaving australia although the commissioner said there simply wasn't enough evidence. >> simple facts are at the time we were working with a very unclear picture. we didn't know everybody that was involved. we didn't know the organizers.
we didn't know all of the things. we were not in a position to arrest any members of the bali nine prior to their departure from australia. reporter: although the guidelines have changed, senior officials have warned that investigations in the future could result in australians facing the death penalty overseas. supporters of andrew chen and myran said they had been rehabilitated and had become role models for other prisoners. they were executed last week along with other condemned inmates from brazil and nigeria. australia has withdrawn its ambassador protest. indonesia said it was part of the response to what it's called a drug emergency. bbc news, sidney.
katty: president john f. kennedy's ambition to put a man on the moon was a big part of his legacy. less well-known is how his administration used nasa as a change in the civil rights moment. it's an often forgotten history. it profiles some of the first african-americans in the space program and the lasting impact of their work, a book. so richard, the story is fascinating. i had no idea nasa was in the push for desegregation. why nasa? >> well, it all happened because president kennedy was forced into two things that he had never talked about on the campaign front. never talked about space and he never talked about civil rights but there was a consummate of circumstances over five weeks that evolved that pegs and first russian and space, first american in space and the freedom rides that all came
together to force president kennedy to take action on outer space, which he didn't want to do and to take action on civil rights. and because of the president's push to put a man on the moon, nasa and its contractors were hiring 250,000 new people in florida, alabama texas, louisiana and mississippi and so by virtue of where these jobs were, it had to have a civil rights element to it. katty: steven, what was nasa actually doing in the context of employing african-americans to push desegregation? >> well, first, it had to start recruiting on its own and that was part of the president's executive order that federal agencies would no longer be allowed to discriminate based on color. so nasa had to go out and recruit potential black employees, engineers computers, people other than janitors and also all federal contractors and in nasa as it
grew that would be a huge group of people. they had to become equal opportunity employers, have anti-discrimination clauses in their federal contracts and so they would also be hiring more and more african-americans to work for space-related projects and programs. katty: so these african-americans get employed by nasa, their life is inside nasa in the deep south fairly desegregated but against what backdrop, richard? >> julius money don'try in the book the ku klux klan controlled part of cape can 1/2 rell and he probably -- cape canaveral and he probably knew that most part of his group were chanceman. he told this story that he would go up to each man and would try to shake his hand. he got to the last hand. he said, boy, that's no way to talk to a white man. and julius said, i looked at him and said, oh, excuse me
great white bastard what should i call you? he laughed and those were the skills and improvization that these people had to deploy all the time at the drop of a happen. katty: steven, they did it every day and didn't necessarily join the protest outside because they were so focused on not failing in their own. >> they had these jobs. they went to work every day but the problems of the south, of the deep south, when they walked out the office door, when they walked off the gates of those federal facilities, they were in huntsville, they were in alabama, florida. they were still subjects to all of the race laws that existed, all of the persecution that existed. if someone threatened to call the sheriff, that could be the last you ever saw of that nasa employee. so while they didn't join the formal protests and the marches, they succeeded in their own way to advance civil rights just by getting up and going to work every day, and
proving they could handle these jobs. katty: and they did not fail. steven, richard, thank you so much for coming in. >> thank you. katty: now the newest member of britain's royal family has a name and it seems her subjects approve. charlotte elizabeth diana was born saturday. she's fourth in line right behind her big brother george. will he no doubt develop a nickname for her but the rest of us, her royal highness princess charlotte of cambridge. the bbc royal correspondent has more. reporter: two days old, now with a very grownup sounding name and title. her royal highness princess charlotte of cambridge. or to give her her full name, charlotte elizabeth diana. a name chosen by william and catterin strongly embraces her pedigree which is favorites within the middleton family. charlotte is the middle name of
catterin's sister, pippa. elizabeth, clearly in tribute to her great grandmother the queen, who is delighted by the news of the birth of her fifth great grandchild. and then that third name, the reasons for which we need no explanation. this newly born princess has diana one of her names fulfills william's deeply held wish that his mother is not forgotten. first reactions to the name seem to be positive. >> i like the diana part. seems appropriate somehow. >> yeah. it's lovely. >> i love the name charlotte. i think it's nice and traditional. and they have diana in there. it means a lot to the family. they're happy, pleased. reporter: in choosing charlotte, william and catherine is also something fresh.
it hasn't been used by the royal family for many generations. >> i think they chose charlotte simply because they like the name and i think one of the things we come to respect about prince william and catherine is they do exactly what they want to do and i think that's rather nice. reporter: the birth of the fourth in line to the thrown was marked today by gun salutes at the tower of london -- throne was marked today by gun salutes at the tower of london and atkinsington palace. tomorrow the queen will be back at buckingham palace and that's maybe the opportunity for her to meet her newest great grandchild charlotte elizabeth diana. nicholas mitchell, bbc news. katty: what a big name. her royal highness princess charlotte of cambridge. for such a tiny family. we wish the family all of our best wishes. and you can find out more of today's news, including
charlotte, on our website. if you want to see what we're working on visit our facebook page. i'm katty kay for "bbc world news america." i'll see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good kovler foundation, and mufg. >> it's a global truth -- we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking
relationships span cultures and support almost every industry across the globe. because success takes partnership, and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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